After breakfast proceed to Anuradapura Kingdom.(Travel Time Approximately- 1 hour & 15 min's)
Established in 5th century of Buddhist
Era Anuradhapura is the oldeswt and the first capital
of Sri Lanka. During its peak of glory many thousands
of people lived in the city. Royal palaces, monasteries,
shrines glistening with gems at the pinacle of conical roofs,
multi storeyed houses, leisure gardens, water pools and forested
parks could be seen everywhere in the city. The ruins of the old
city are scattered towards the north and the west of the modern city.
Two most important dagobas namely the Thuparama and the Ruwanweliseya
in which relics of Buddha are deposited have been restored according
to their original shape, the bulb-like model.
Abhayagiriya built in the first century and Jethawanaramaya built in the third
century tower up to 120m and are second only to Egyptian pyramids in Ghiza.
Excavations have discovered ornaments, statues, coins along with seven
religious books made out of golden sheets. Sky scraping dagobas built in
the Anuradhapura era still tower majestically over the greenery. Many hundreds
of the ground floor stone pillars of Lowamahapaya, a multi storeyed building
which housed more than thousand Buddhist monks, remains today by the side of the
Sri Maha Bodhi. The sacred bo-tree is considered to be the oldest existing tree
in the world. The tree, which is a shoot of the original bo-tree under which
Lord Buddha attained enlightenment, was brought to Sri Lanka and replanted
in this place more than 2200 years ago, is now being supported by a metal structure.
The most excellent stone carvings can be seen in Anuradhapura.
The Guard stones at Rathna Prasadaya (Gem Palace) and the moonstone at
the foot of a stairway near the Queen's Pavilion provide the best examples.
There are other stone carvings at Isurumuni Temple, which are famous in the
names of 'The Isurumuni Lovers'; 'Man and the Horse's Head'; 'Bathing Elephants'.
Apart from these there are three major water reservoirs that were
built by the Anuradhapura kings, still catering for the agriculture in the area.